Each year approximately 795,000 people in the U.S have a stroke. It’s the number 1 killer of women and Hispanics are a high risk group, since they are more prone to developing other health conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. The unfortunate part is that 1 out of 9 strokes are preventable.
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A recent study found that there are 10 modifiable risk factors responsible for 9 out of 10 strokes around the world. The Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) at McMaster University and collaborators from around the world did a study called INTERSTROKE.
Researchers examined 26,000 men and women from 22 countries, both young and old from diverse populations. During the first phase of the study, there were 10 main risk factors that were identified. During the second phase, the researchers determined the percentage of strokes that would be reduced if each risk factor was eliminated. The results of both phases are below:
- Hypertension (48%)
- Physical inactivity and obesity (36%)
- Poor diet (19%)
- Smoking (12%)
- Heart issues, such as atrial fibrillation/irregular heart rhythm (9%)
- Diabetes (4%)
- Alcohol intake (6%)
- Stress (6%)
- Lipids (27%)