During a heat wave, there are certain things you need to do to stay safe, healthy and avoid life-threatening medical emergencies, including heat stroke.
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Here are some of the top precautions that everyone should take…even healthy people:
Know If You’re In a High-Risk Group
This group includes children, the elderly, pregnant women, people who don’t have access to air conditioners, people who have suddenly being exposed to hot weather without an acclimation period, people who are taking certain medications, such as those that narrow your blood vessels or beta blockers, as well as people who suffer from certain health conditions, such as heart disease, lung disease and/or obesity. If you are in a high-risk group, make sure that you drink plenty of water, and remain in a cool environment.
Additionally, family and friends of those in high-risk groups should be sure to check up on them to make sure that they’re safe and taking the steps they need to avoid heat-related illnesses.
Being out in the sun puts you at risk for sun burn and heat stroke. Learn something from the campesinos that we come from and cover up. People who worked in the fields wore long sleeve white shirts for protection from the sun, as well as a way for the sweat to cool off their bodies. Instead of doing that, make sure to put on sunblock with an SPF of at least 50 on scorching days and wear a hat.
Wear A Scarf
Handkerchiefs come in handy during the summer. Fold the hanky or bandanna in half so you have a triangle and wring the scarf together so that it’s tightly wound and resembles a rope. Dip the middle in cold water and tie the scarf around your neck so that the wet section is on the nape of our neck. This can help keep anyone from abuelita to the chamaquitos cool and relaxed.
Staying hydrated is essential to staying healthy in the heat. Drink more than your usual 8-10 glasses in hot weather. As a gauge, your urine should be the color of lemonade.
Visit a cooling facility, enclose shopping mall, or another air-conditioned facility if you don’t have access to an air conditioner.